Curt Mastio
By Curt Mastio on November 22, 2023

How to File Your IRS Crypto Taxes

In recent years, cryptocurrency has become increasingly popular as a digital asset. With its rising popularity, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has taken notice and implemented regulations regarding cryptocurrency taxation. Whether you’re a seasoned crypto investor or just starting out, it’s important to understand how to file your IRS crypto taxes correctly. In this article, we will explore the ins and outs of filing your cryptocurrency taxes, from understanding cryptocurrency and taxes to common mistakes to avoid. Let’s dive in!

Understanding Cryptocurrency and Taxes

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual form of currency that uses cryptography for security. It operates independently of any central authority, such as banks or governments. Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin are some of the most well-known cryptocurrencies.

When it comes to taxes, the IRS treats cryptocurrency as property rather than currency. This means that each transaction involving cryptocurrency may have tax implications.

IRS Crypto Taxes Viewpoint: What do you need to know?

The IRS views cryptocurrency as property, which means that it is subject to the same tax laws that apply to other types of property transactions. This includes buying, selling, trading, and mining cryptocurrency. Therefore, any gains or losses from these transactions must be reported on your tax return.

It is worth noting that the IRS has ramped up its efforts to enforce cryptocurrency tax compliance. In recent years, the agency has started sending warning letters to taxpayers with potential cryptocurrency tax liabilities.

The Basics of Cryptocurrency Taxation

Tax Implications of Buying and Selling Cryptocurrency

When you buy cryptocurrency, it is not a taxable event. However, when you sell or exchange your cryptocurrency for cash, goods, or services, you may have tax obligations.

If you sell cryptocurrency at a higher price than what you originally paid for it, you have a capital gain. On the other hand, if you sell it at a lower price, you have a capital loss.

It’s important to note that capital gains from cryptocurrency are typically categorized as either short-term or long-term. The holding period determines the tax rate you’ll pay on your gains. Short-term capital gains are subject to your ordinary income tax rate, while long-term capital gains are subject to lower tax rates.

Cryptocurrency as Income: What You Need to Know

If you receive cryptocurrency as payment for goods or services, it is treated as income and must be reported on your tax return. The fair market value of the cryptocurrency at the time of receipt is used to determine the amount of income to report.

If you are a freelancer or independent contractor who receives cryptocurrency for services rendered, you will need to report this income on the appropriate tax forms, such as Form 1099-MISC or Form 1099-NEC.

Keep in mind that failure to report cryptocurrency income can result in penalties and audits by the IRS.

How to Track Your Cryptocurrency Transactions

Tools for Tracking Cryptocurrency Transactions

With the increasing complexity of cryptocurrency taxation, it’s essential to keep detailed records of your cryptocurrency transactions. Fortunately, various tools and software are available to help you track your transactions.

Crypto tax software, such as CoinTracking and CryptoTrader.Tax, can automatically import your transaction data from various exchanges and wallets. These tools provide comprehensive reports that summarize your taxable gains or losses.

Organizing Your Cryptocurrency Transaction Information

When preparing to file your cryptocurrency taxes, it’s important to gather all relevant transaction information. This includes records of each buying, selling, trading, and mining transaction.

You should organize this information in a clear and concise manner, making it easier to report your cryptocurrency activities accurately. Save your transaction history, receipts, and any other supporting documentation that may be required by the IRS.

Consider using spreadsheets or specialized tax software to keep track of your transactions and calculate your gains or losses. By maintaining accurate records, you’ll have peace of mind knowing that you can confidently file your cryptocurrency taxes.

Filing Your Cryptocurrency Taxes

IRS Crypto Taxes Forms for Reporting Cryptocurrency

When it comes time to file your cryptocurrency taxes, you’ll need to include the appropriate forms with your tax return. The specific forms you need to file depend on your cryptocurrency-related activities.

For most individuals, reporting cryptocurrency transactions will require Form 8949 (Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets) and Form 1040 (U.S. Individual Income Tax Return).

If you have received cryptocurrency as income, you may also need to include Form 1099-MISC or Form 1099-NEC alongside your tax return.

Step-by-Step Guide to Filing Your Crypto Taxes

While the process of filing cryptocurrency taxes may seem daunting, following a step-by-step guide can make it more manageable.

  1. Gather all relevant transaction information, including records of buying, selling, trading, and mining cryptocurrency.
  2. Calculate your gains or losses for each transaction. Be sure to categorize them as short-term or long-term capital gains/losses.
  3. Complete Form 8949, reporting each cryptocurrency transaction and the corresponding gains/losses.
  4. Transfer the totals from Form 8949 to Schedule D (Capital Gains and Losses), which is then attached to your Form 1040.
  5. Include any additional forms, such as Form 1099-MISC or Form 1099-NEC, if you received cryptocurrency as income.
  6. Review your tax return for accuracy and completeness before submitting it to the IRS.

Consulting a tax professional or using specialized tax software can help ensure you file your cryptocurrency taxes correctly and maximize your deductions.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Filing IRS Crypto Taxes

Not Reporting All Transactions

One of the most common mistakes when filing cryptocurrency taxes is failing to report all transactions. Even small transactions, such as using cryptocurrency to purchase goods or services, must be reported.

Make sure to keep a record of all your crypto-related transactions and report them accurately. This includes transactions for personal use, as well as those related to investments or business activities.

Misunderstanding Tax Laws for Cryptocurrency

Another common mistake is misunderstanding the tax laws surrounding cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency taxation can be complex, and it’s crucial to stay informed about the latest IRS guidelines.

Seeking advice from a tax professional who specializes in cryptocurrency taxation can help you navigate the intricacies of the tax code and avoid costly errors.

Remember, the information provided here serves as a general guide. It’s always advisable to consult with a tax professional or qualified advisor to ensure proper compliance with the IRS regulations.


Filing your IRS crypto taxes may seem like a daunting task, but with the right knowledge and tools, you can navigate the process with confidence. Understanding how cryptocurrency is viewed by the IRS and the tax implications of buying, selling, and trading cryptocurrency is crucial. By tracking your transactions diligently and organizing your information, you can accurately report your cryptocurrency activities on your tax return. Avoid common mistakes, such as not reporting all transactions and misunderstanding tax laws, and consult with experts when needed. By taking these steps, you can ensure compliance with the IRS and enjoy peace of mind as you file your cryptocurrency taxes.

Published by Curt Mastio November 22, 2023
Curt Mastio